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Critical re-reading of Nali’s Divan

 


Critical re-reading of Nali’s Divan 

Jafar Qahramany

Among all nations, classical literature has been recognized as a solid foundation from which many historical events and facts can be understood, especially in classical poetry.In Kurdish classical literature, Nali is known as the pioneer of Baban’s poetic style, which has influenced a wide range of classical poets after him. A prominent issue in Nali Divan is the existence of spelling errors at the vocabulary level.A part from the efforts of Professor Modarres and other proofreaders in correcting Nali’s Divan, there are still many shortcomings in the recording of poems, which are mostly due to defects in the reading of manuscripts and errors in the pronunciation and writing of words; This has also led to incorrect description and analysis in most of the verses.In this research, some of the spelling mistakes of Persian and Arabic words of Nali’s poem are examined along with the reasons and evidences, and in another part, the poems that have been mistakenly recorded under the name of Nali in the Persian section are examined; Has been examined. The most important criterion in choosing and preferring a word over a word or an interpretation over another interpretation in classical poetry is the rhetorical criterion. Correcting the Divan of Classical Poets without knowing the rhetorical criteria is an incomplete and incorrect work.In this research, based on multi-bit rhetorical criteria of Nali’s divan, it was examined and the result of the research, apart from clarifying the correct spelling of words, also caused the appearance of rare poetic images of Nali poetry. Expressing the correct reasons for the corrected words shows the great distance between the corrected point of view and on the other hand shows the error in reading the manuscripts of Nali Divan.

Keyword: Classical poetry, scientific correction, Nali poetry.

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